Heart and lung diseases main categories of avoidable death
In the European Union
(EU), about 1.7 million persons aged less than 75 died in 2016. Among them, around
1.2 million deaths could
be considered as premature according to the recently developed Eurostat-OECD
list of avoidable mortality. Out of those, 741 000 preventable deaths could have been avoided through effective public
health and primary prevention interventions, and 422 000 treatable deaths through timely and effective
health care interventions.
Heart attacks (174 000
deaths), cancers of the trachea, bronchus and lung (168 000 deaths) and strokes
(87 000) accounted together for over a third (37%) of total avoidable causes of
death of people aged less than 75. Compared to 2011, avoidable deaths as a
share of total deaths decreased by 1.7 percentage points, from 69.7% of total
deaths in 2011 to 68.0% in 2016.
information on avoidable deaths comes from a report issued
by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. The concept of avoidable mortality
is based on the idea that certain deaths (for specific age groups and from
specific diseases) could be ‘avoided’ – meaning they would not have occurred at
this stage – if there had been effective public health and primary prevention
interventions and/or timely and effective health care in place.
Both the treatable mortality and the preventable mortality
indicators are meant to be used in a global context of peer reviewed health
system performance assessments. They provide a warning signal of potential
shortcomings in health systems but are not intended to be a definitive measure
for monitoring health care across Member States.
shares of preventable deaths in Slovenia and Hungary, lowest in Bulgaria
The proportions of
potentially avoidable deaths through effective public health and primary
prevention interventions, i.e. preventable deaths, among all deaths of persons aged
less than 75 in 2016 vary considerably between EU Member States.
The highest shares of preventable
deaths were registered in Slovenia (53.5%) and Hungary (51.7%),
followed by Estonia (50.0%), Lithuania (49.8%), Austria
(49.1%) and Latvia (48.9%). In contrast, the share was lowest in Bulgaria
(35.4%), ahead of Cyprus (39.2%), Malta (39.9%), Italy and
Poland (both 40.8%).
Largest shares of
treatable deaths in Romania and Slovakia, lowest in France
The proportions of
potentially avoidable deaths through timely and effective health care
interventions, i.e. treatable deaths, among all deaths of persons aged less
than 75 in 2016 also vary between EU Member States.
The highest shares of treatable
deaths were registered in Romania (31.9%) and Slovakia (30.8%),
followed by Lithuania (30.1%), Malta (30.0%), Bulgaria and
Latvia (both 29.7%). In contrast, the share was lowest in France
(19.3%), ahead of Belgium (20.5%), Denmark (21.0%) and the Netherlands
third of potentially avoidable deaths in the EU concerned heart and lung diseases
In the EU, heart attacks
(174 000 avoidable deaths, or 15% of total avoidable deaths of persons
aged less than 75), cancers of the trachea, bronchus and lung (168 000,
14%) and strokes (87 000, 7%) accounted for over a third of potentially
avoidable deaths in 2016.
They were followed by alcohol
related diseases (79 000, 7%), colorectal cancers (67 000, 6%),
breast cancers and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders (both 50 000, 4%),
accidental injuries (48 000, 4%) and suicides (44 000, 4%).
source dataset can be found here.
Original article found on Malta Winds