In 2018, the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation
establishments in the European Union (EU) is expected to have reached more than
3.1 billion, up by 2.2% compared with 2017. Since 2009, there has been a steady
increase in the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments
in the EU,
notably driven by the rise in the nights spent by non-residents of the country
In 2018, Spain (467 million nights, -0.9% compared
with 2017) retained its lead, ahead of France (444 mn,
+2.4%), Italy (429 mn, +1.9%) and Germany (419 mn, +4.3%).
These early estimates, which include nights spent whether for business or leisure, come from an article issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Highest growth in tourism nights in Latvia, Lithuania and Malta
The number of nights spent in tourist
accommodation in 2018 grew in nearly all Member States, with the largest
increases being observed in Latvia (+8.3%), Lithuania (+7.7%) and Malta (+6.5%),
followed by Poland
(+5.8%), Romania (+5.5%) and Belgium (+5.4%). In contrast, decreases were registered
in Luxembourg (-4.3%),
(-1.5%) and Spain (-0.9%).
of nights spent by residents highest in Romania, nights spent by non-residents highest
In the EU, the number of nights spent in
tourist accommodation by residents grew slightly faster (+2.3%) between
2017 and 2018 than those spent by non-residents (+2.0%). Almost every EU Member
State recorded an increase in the number of tourism nights spent by residents, with
the exception of Greece (-7.3%) and Luxembourg
(-4.5%). The highest increases were registered in Cyprus (+10.6%), Malta (+8.6%)
and Croatia (+8.4%).
Similarly, the number of tourism nights spent by non-residents rose in nearly
all Member States, except Ireland (-7.4%), Luxembourg (-4.2%), Spain
(-1.6%) and Portugal (-0.1%).
The largest increases in 2018 were registered in Latvia (+10.1%), Belgium (+8.9%)
and Lithuania (+8.0%).
Within the EU Member States, the largest shares of nights spent by
residents were recorded in Romania (81% of total nights spent), Poland (80%),
and Sweden (74%).
In contrast, the largest shares of nights spent by non-residents were
registered in Malta (96%
of total nights spent), Cyprus (95%) and Croatia (93%).
spent at tourist accommodation establishments
|2018, in millions||
Share of nights spent by non-residents in
total nights spent, 2018, %
|Change 2018/2017, %|
|Total||of which:||Total||of which:|
|EU*||3 123.2||1 444.8||1 678.4||46||2.2||2.0||2.3|
|Former Yug. Rep. of Macedonia||2.2||1.5||0.7||67||18.9||22.0||13.1|
Figures may not add up
due to rounding
: Data not
* EU aggregate estimated
for the purpose of this publication using available data
** Low reliability
*** 2017 data instead of
**** This designation is
without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999
and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.
Methods and definitions
Data are collected by the
competent national authorities of the Member States and are compiled according
to a harmonised methodology established by EU regulations before transmission
to Eurostat. Surveys on the occupancy of accommodation establishments are
generally conducted on a monthly basis, and cover at least all tourist accommodation
establishments having ten or more bed places (for Member States accounting for
less than 1% of the total annual number of nights spent at tourist
accommodation establishments in the EU: twenty or more bed places).
this publication, estimates for the entire year 2018 were obtained by
extrapolating the evolution for the first ten or eleven months of the year to
the remaining months.
Under the Statistical classification of economic
activities (NACE Rev. 2), tourist accommodation
Hotels and similar
accommodation (NACE 55.1): Provision of accommodation, rented typically on a daily or weekly
basis, principally for short stays by visitors. This includes the provision of
furnished accommodation in guest rooms and suites. Services include daily
cleaning and bed-making. A range of additional services may be provided such as
food and beverage services, parking, laundry services, swimming pools and
exercise rooms, recreational facilities as well as conference and convention
facilities. It includes accommodation provided by hotels (and similar
establishments, for instance operating under the name ‘bed & breakfast’),
resort hotels, suite/apartment hotels and motels.
Holiday and other
short-stay accommodation (NACE 55.2): Provision of accommodation, rented typically on a
daily or weekly basis, principally for short stays by visitors, in
self-contained space consisting of complete furnished rooms or areas for
living/dining and sleeping, with cooking facilities or fully equipped kitchens.
This may take the form of apartments or flats in small free-standing
multi-storey buildings or clusters of buildings, or single storey bungalows,
chalets, cottages and cabins. Very minimal complementary services, if any, are
provided. It includes accommodation provided by holiday homes for children and
other holiday homes, visitor flats and bungalows, cottages and cabins without
housekeeping services and youth hostels and mountain refuges.
grounds, recreational vehicle and trailer parks (NACE 55.3): Accommodation in campgrounds, trailer parks, recreational
camps and fishing and hunting camps for short stay visitors, provision of space
and facilities for recreational vehicles and protective shelters or plain
bivouac facilities for placing tents and/or sleeping bags.
number of nights includes nights
spent by both residents and non-residents, whether for business or leisure.
EU aggregate of nights spent by non-residents is the sum of nights spent by EU residents visiting other EU Member States as well as nights spent by non-EU residents.
Issued by: Eurostat Press Office
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